The find of the burial of a woman, made in 1949 in Dolní Věstonice by the archaeologist Bohuslav Klíma, represents paleoanthropological material of the first category on a global scale for its significance. The find comes from the period of the mammoth hunters, around 28,000 years old. The remains of a woman of about 45 years of age are very interesting from an anthropological point of view. The shaman’s skull bears signs of a traumatic facial injury that has contributed to the unequal growth of the facial part and thus to the overall appearance of the woman. Perhaps we can justifiably assume that even this traumatic injury could have predetermined her for a significant role in the spiritual sphere within the shamanic concept of the world.